Melody Crowder-Meyer and Benjamin E. Lauderdale, “A Partisan Gap in the Supply of Female Potential Candidates”, Research & Politics, 1:1.
A partisan disparity in women representatives in the US House emerged in the 1980s and has continued to grow in magnitude. We show that this pattern closely mirrors the emergence of a partisan disparity in the fraction of women in the US public with the typical characteristics of high-level officeholders. Our analysis indicates that the fraction female in the Democratic pool of potential candidates is now two to three times larger than in the Republican pool of potential candidates. Given the current association of party identification with gender and other characteristics, this gap is more likely to increase than decrease over the coming decade, with potential consequences for the descriptive and substantive representation of women in American politics.